In Barber v. Bryant, (5th Cir., Sept. 29, 2017), the U.S. 5th Circuit Court of Appeals by a vote of 12-2 refused to grant an en banc rehearing in a challenge to a Mississippi law (HB 1523) that protects from discriminatory state action anyone who acts on religious or moral beliefs relating to traditional marriage, sex outside of marriage, or transgender rights. In June, a 3-judge panel held that plaintiffs lack standing to challenge the law. (See prior posting.) Two judges dissented from the denial of an en banc rehearing in an opinion that argues:… the panel opinion is wrong; the plaintiffs have standing to challenge HB 1523 under Supreme Court and Courts of Appeals precedents. The panel opinion misconstrues and misapplies the Establishment Clause precedent, and, as explained below, its analysis creates a conflict between our circuit and our sister circuits on the issue of Establishment Clause standing.