punjab map before 1947 pdf

This was followed in October by Muslim assaults on Hindus in East Bengal and these in turn provoked Hindu assaults on Muslims in Bihar. Lord Mountbatten speedily coaxed the principal parties into acquiescence in the partition of the land and drew up a plan for giving effect to it. They resented their inclusion, without any safeguards, in an overwhelmingly Muslim group of provinces, and declined at first to elect representatives to the Constituent Assembly. This had also likely led to some of the ideological differences between Sikhs around this time. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. In a peace treaty, Seleucus ceded all territories west of the Indus and offered a marriage, including a portion of Bactria, while Chandragupta granted Seleucus 500 elephants. This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 00:17. Khizr Khan professor to rule as the viceroy of Timur and his successor Shah Rukh. It was a feature of the Plan that the partition of Bengal and the Punjab should be shown to be in accordance with the popular will as expressed by the provincial legislatures. If either part voted for partition, then partition would follow. The newly conquered region became known as Sind and was the easternmost state of the Umayyad Caliphate. Other Rig Vedic Janapadas such as the Pakhthas, Bhalanasas, Visanins, and Sivas were associated with areas in the north and west of Punjab. Early in March in outbreak of communal rioting in the Punjab, Sikhs in villages and small towns in the predominantly Muslim districts of Rawalpindi and Attock had been savagely attacked by Muslim mobs and felt compelled to fly for their lives. The Central Akali Dal supported joint electorates with reservation of seats for minorities and the setting up of special tribunals for the protection of minorities. There was a large level of contact between all the Janapadas of ancient India with descriptions being given of trading caravans, movement of students from universities, and itineraries of princes. The League won every Muslim seat in the Central Legislative Assembly and the majority of those in provincial assemblies. [57] The rebuilt Harminder Sahib was destroyed, and the pool was filled with cow entrails, again. It was to be not later than June 1948. Economically it transformed the Punjab into the richest farming area of India, socially it sustained the power of large landowners and politically it encouraged cross-communal co-operation amongst land owning groups. Nothing less than a sovereign Pakistan would now satisfy them. After the defeat of Porus in Greek sources, most armies that he had encountered had come to submit, with very few refusing to do so such as the people of Sangala who were massacred.

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