Throughout her education, Bourgeois worked in the family business restoring tapestries, but her parent's avocation was not her own. Louise Bourgeois was a renowned French–American painter and sculptor. In 1919, the family moved to Choisy-le-Roi, a suburb of Paris, where their house had a workshop for restoration of tapestries. 1947-1949, New York: private collection), a totemic composition related to the Gospels according to Matthew 15, is associated with the blind confidence in people who influenced Bourgeois' life. The same year, Jerry Gorovoy curated a show at the ‘Max Hutchinson Gallery,’ New York, where he incorporated her work. Bourgeois’s show ‘Cells,’ exhibiting her new series of work, opened in 1991 at the ‘Carnegie International,’ Pittsburgh. She also taught at ‘Brooklyn College,’ the ‘Pratt Institute,’ and the ‘New York Studio School of Drawing,’ during the 1970s. She often worked on the terrace of the house. Within one year she was exhibiting her work in print exhibitions at the Brooklyn Museum, the Philadelphia Print Club, the Library of Congress, and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. ©2020 Artnet Worldwide Corporation. Louise Bourgeois was born in Paris in 1911. Although the stylistic evolution of her work defies art historical categorization and her iconography is completely intimate and overtly sexual, Bourgeois' sculptures are exemplary of 20th-century artistic currents during the most controversial period of American art. Concurrently, Bourgeois began to explore her sexual psyche through similar forms. It was her first public sculpture commission. Geburtstag, Foundation Beyeler / Beyeler Museum AG, Riehen, Switzerland, Louise Bourgeois: The Return of the Repressed, Fundación Proa, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Instituto Tomie Ohtake, Sao Paulo, and Museu do Arte Moderno, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Otto Zitko & Louise Bourgeois: Me, Myself and I, Arnolfini, Bristol, England, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C. (solo), Louise Bourgeois: La Famille, Kunsthalle Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany (solo), Sublimation, Hauser & Wirth London, London, England (solo), La Femme: Métamorphose de la modernité, Fundació Joan Miro, Barcelona, Spain, Louise Bourgeois, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark (solo), Louise Bourgeois, Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain (solo), Louise Bourgeois: Neue Arbeiten/Recent Works, Hauer & Wirth, Zurich, Switzerland (solo), Louise Bourgeois: Memoria y arquitectura, Museo Nacional, Centro de Arte Reina Sofìa, Madrid, Spain (solo), Louise Bourgeois: Recent Work, Serpentine Gallery, London, England (solo), Louise Bourgeois: Der Ort des Gedächtnisses Skulpturen, Environments und Zeichnungen, 1946-1995, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany (solo), Louise Bourgeois: Sculptures, environnements, dessins, 1938-1995, Musée d’Art moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France (solo), Louise Bourgeois: A Retrospective Exhibition, Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt; Stadtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich, Germany; Musée d'art Contemporain, Lyon, France; Fondacion Tapies, Barcelona, Spain; Kunstmuseum, Bern, Switzerland; Kröller-Muller-Museum, Otterlo, The Netherlands, Louise Bourgeois, Taft Museum, Cincinnati; Art Museum at Florida International University, Miami; Laguna Gloria Art Museum, Austin; Gallery of Art, Washington University, St. Louis; Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, USA, Louise Bourgeois: Retrospective, Museum of Modern Art, New York; Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; Akron Art Museum, Akron, USA. She was given a retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1982 and at the Rijksmuseum Kröller-Múller in Otterlo, The Netherlands, in 1991. In New York, Bourgeois joined the ‘Arts Students League’ in Manhattan. 1946-1948), and she began to develop a very personal symbolic iconography based upon the events that shaped her life in France. The two met and fell in love, eventually getting married in 1938. Her sculptures exhibited biomorphic forms, with the use of unconventional material, such as latex, resin, and cloth. Famous Role Models You Would Like To Meet, Celebrities Who Are Not In The Limelight Anymore. Both are studies of the calming and tranquil effects of the heavens and earth, and each reflects Bourgeois' love of repetitive conical shapes erupting through a thin layer of skin. Louise Bourgeois was a prolific 20th century artist who experimented with a wide range of media, materials, subjects and themes; as such, categorizing or situating her work in one distinct artistic movement remains nearly impossible. She also adopted a third son. Bourgeois died of heart failure on May 31, 2010. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/louise-bourgeois-10928.php. It is a series of phallic totems growing in various directions. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History? Spiral Woman (1953, New York: Robert Miller Gallery) is a six-foot wooden abstraction of the movement of a woman through space. Bourgeois studied at various academies and artists’ workshops, including the ‘École des Beaux Arts,’ the ‘École du Louvre,’ the ‘Académie de la Grande-Chaumière,’ the ‘Académie Ranson,’ and the ‘Académie Colarossi.’ Observing her work in an art class, French painter-sculptor Fernand Léger remarked that her artistic inclination was more toward three-dimensional presentation and that she was more of a sculptor than a painter. The piece showed a dining table in a cave-like space, with forms resembling dismembered body parts strewn over it. Bourgeois tended to her sick mother, which affected her studies. She joined art classes that needed translators for English-speaking students and offered free tuition to the translators. Although this may have been a hallmark year in Bourgeois' lengthy career, her relatively quiet emergence into American mainstream art began over fifty years earlier in New York City. She had been part of many retrospective shows and had earned numerous honors. In the 1940s Bourgeois began exhibiting her paintings in many Abstract Expressionist group shows, and in 1945 she was given her first solo exhibition at the Bertha Schaefer Gallery in New York. She exhibited her sculptures at a solo show named ‘Recent Work: 1947-1949,’ at ‘Peridot Gallery,’ New York, (1949).
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