The seeming multiplicity of deity names may, however, be explained otherwise—for example, many are simply epithets applied to major deities by widely extended cults. The antiquarian William Stukeley pictured a race of "ancient Britons" constructing the "temples of the Ancient Celts" such as Stonehenge (actually a pre-Celtic structure). The Proto-Germanic root word has also yielded Vlach, Wallachia, Walloon, and the second element in Cornwall. Religion name generator . Most of the records were taken around the 11 th century. Possible origins include the Indo-European roots *ḱel, 'to cover or hide' (cf. "Celtic Mythology: The Nature and Influence of Celtic Myth from Druidism to Arthurian Legend." The Druids also valued the trees for curative benefits. Other animals that figure particularly prominently in association with the pantheon in Celto-Roman art as well as in insular literature are boars, dogs, bears, and horses. Several groves split off to form a separate branch, this being called the New Reformed Druids of North America (NRDNA), which emphasized neo-Pagan religion. the coastal and southern areas occupied by the Turdetani. Maponos (“Divine Son” or “Divine Youth”) is attested in Gaul but occurs mainly in northern Britain. "The Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology and Folklore." In the oldest attested Greek form, and originally also in Latin, it was pronounced /k/, but a regular process of palatalisation around the first century CE changed /k/ → /s/ in later Latin whenever it appears before a front vowel like /e/. However in the 18th century William Stukeley endorsed Aubrey’s views and became the first “Arch Druid” and the founder of modern Druidism. But, the importance of ancient Druidism seems to be that it was the one thing yhat held the Celtic people together, and these people and their ancestors eventually civilized a major part of Europe, Ireland, Briton, and the British Isles. The insular literatures show that certain deities were associated with particular crafts. 15 Ancient Celtic Gods and Goddesses You Should Know About 1) Ana or Danu/Dana – The Primordial Goddess of Nature The Celts, an ancient Indo-European people, reached the apogee of their influence and territorial expansion during the 4th century bc, extending across the length of Europe from Britain to Asia Minor. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Caesar mentions some of these beliefs and the behavior of the people in his “Gallic Wars.” The Gauls, he observed, treated their ordinary people almost like slaves. These legends and sages were first recorded by Christian monks in Ireland and by Norman invaders in England. Some were also seers. The Gaulish Sucellos (or Sucellus), possibly meaning “the Good Striker,” appears on a number of reliefs and statuettes with a mallet as his attribute. He was symbolized by the wheel which was either of lightning or a solar symbol, and, less frequently the spiral representing a lightning flash. The solar connotations of Belenus (from Celtic: bel, “shining” or “brilliant”) would have supported the identification with the Greco-Roman Apollo. The Druids, as it had been noted, seemed to possess gifts for learning and art. An episode in the Middle Welsh collection of tales called the Mabinogion, (or Mabinogi), seems to echo the connection with shoemaking, for it represents Lleu as working briefly as a skilled exponent of the craft. It will be remembered the Druids met at burial sites. Many seasonal assemblies were held at burial sites, including the enigmatic passage graves (dolmens of the megaliths) that stud Ireland. Mercury was the most honoured of all the gods and many images of him were to be found. Historically the Romans wanted to demolish the military and political strength of the Druids and bring them under the control of the Empire. It is particularly surprising they attached no value to either dignity or decency, offering their bodies to each other without further ado. “‘He was a kind of scapegoat,’ the informant said, ‘but in the old days, he or she would have been sacrificed.'”. Such was seen when Christianity became the official religion of Rome. 15 Ancient Celtic Gods and Goddesses You Should Know About 1) Ana or Danu/Dana – The Primordial Goddess of Nature This sense of "Celtic" is preserved in its political sense in the Celtic nationalism of organisations such as the Celtic League, but it is also used in a more general and politically neutral sense in expressions such as "Celtic music.". The rich abundance of animal imagery in Celto-Roman iconography, representing the deities in combinations of animal and human forms, finds frequent echoes in the insular literary tradition. In modern Pagan religions, the term “Celtic” is generally used to apply to the mythology and legends found in the British Isles. This word has evolved into the Greek term ''drus'', meaning ''oak''. In the 17th century John Aubrey alleged the Druids constructed Stonehenge, a theory that is thought to be inaccurate. Sjögren, Albert, "Le nom de "Gaule", in "Studia Neophilologica", Vol. In the Western Isles the blood brotherhood survived until recent times. But despite of their charm the young men paid little attention to them. This, again, reinforces the Celtic belief in an after life. His Celtic name is not explicitly stated, but it is clearly implied in the place-name Lugudunon (“the fort or dwelling of the god Lugus”) by which his numerous cult centres were known and from which the modern Lyon, Laon, and Loudun in France, Leiden in the Netherlands, and Legnica in Poland derive.
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