The baby. Not, like, geography.

1. Kim Kardashian has spent the past week in New York, but despite most of her outings involving various members of her family, one person has been notably absent.

Kim Kardashian has spent the past week in New York, but despite most of her outings involving various members of her family, one person has been notably absent.

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XactpiX / Splash News

In fact, North West hasn’t been seen since this photo was taken on June 26. All of the below photos were taken between then and July 4.

2. Was North there the following evening as the entire Kardashian clan celebrated Khloe’s birthday?

Was North there the following evening as the entire Kardashian clan celebrated Khloe's birthday?

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X17. To see more images of Kim Kardashian, check out


3. Did she join her mum and aunty Kourtney for a delicious lunch?







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Oh wait, no, that’s Kourtney’s son Mason.

5. “You’re going to the cinema? Nah it’s OK Mum, I’ll sit this one out.”

"You're going to the cinema? Nah it's OK Mum, I'll sit this one out."

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6. She skipped this outing too.

She skipped this outing too.

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7. And this one.

And this one.

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8. Was she there when Kim went on a refreshing hike?

Was she there when Kim went on a refreshing hike?

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9. How about this one with her aunty Khloe?

How about this one with her aunty Khloe?

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10. How about a fun family day out at an actual carnival?!




11. Seriously, WHERE is North?!




12. Nooorth??


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14. She wasn’t there during this family lunch.

She wasn't there during this family lunch.

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15. She didn’t even come to the family day out to a farm. 🙁

She didn't even come to the family day out to a farm. :(

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17. Oh thank God. We're Slightly Concerned About The Whereabouts Of North West

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There’s a dark side to every breakfast that doesn’t include waffles. Thankfully, the Imperial engineers over at Think Geek have just released an official “Star Wars” Death Star Waffle Maker to feed your inner Sith Lord.

The waffle iron produces 7″ (18.8cm) diameter treats, and costs just 39.99 USD. At 2lb (0.9kg), it may be just the thing for your next Star Wars party! But make sure you buy the waffle maker that you’re looking for: this is a ThinkGeek exclusive.

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Stringer / Reuters

UN ambassador Samantha Power traveled to the Central African Republic on Thursday to pledge U.S. support for ending the deadly sectarian violence that has killed and displaced thousands, including an estimated 1,000 people in just the last two days.

In conjunction with her trip, the White House announced it would provide $101 million to “restoring security” in CAR, in addition to another $15 million in humanitarian assistance. The White House also echoed Powers’ call for accountability for the perpetuators of atrocities.

CAR, population of 4.5 million, has been descending into chaos since March, when Seleka Muslim rebels ousted President François Bozizé, and Seleka rebel commander Michel Djotodia took over command. Under Djotodia’s watch, Seleka rebels attacked political opponents and Christian communities, who are the majority. Many Christian villages then formed their own militias, called the anti-balaka (meaning anti-machete), in response to the aggressions.

Seleka rebel commander and now interim President Michel Djotodia with his supporters. Stringer . / Reuters

Anti-Balaka militia that have formed in Christian communities. Joe Penney / Reuters

Displaced refugees in a camp in the capital Bangui. Stringer / Reuters

Since September, the violence by both sides has escalated at a startling rate. Human Rights Watch has reported on the atrocities committed by Christian militias against Muslim communities in the north, where anti-balaka have killed several hundred Muslims and razed their homes. In response, Seleka forces attacked Christian neighbors, killing an unverified number and setting fire to their homes and fields.

The UN reports that the conflict has now affected 2.5 million children, while as many as 6,000 children have been recruited into armed groups. More than half a million people have been displaced. News reports have documented horrific reports of mass slaughter and rape, sounding alarm that the fighting could soon become a genocide. Latest reports estimate that on average three people were killed every hour during the second week of December. An estimated 1.6 million are in dire need of immediate food, water, health care, and other humanitarian assistance, according to the International Rescue Committee.

Earlier this month the UN authorized deployment of African and French forces in CAR. The Security Council also voted to impose an arms embargo. CAR has been plagued by poverty and a series of coups, mutinies, and conflicts since gaining independence from France in 1960. The latest influx of international forces has not been able to stem the violence.

Men line up for petrol as resources have grown scarce. Stringer / Reuters

Internally displaced people take shelter from the violence at Bangui’s Saint Paul’s Church. Stringer / Reuters

French soldiers carry their weapons as they patrol in the capital, Bangui. Stringer / Reuters

Samantha Power has been a strong advocate for US involvement in international conflicts in the past. She was an early backer of US intervention in the 1994 Rwanda genocide . While the US has few direct political interests in CAR, analysts say that Power has focused on the fighting because of the conflict’s interconnections with neighboring Rwanda. Many of the Seleka rebels also come from neighboring Chad and Sudan.

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14. Spanish 101 (Season 1, Ep 2)

Why it’s awesome: This is the episode where we first meet Chang. Also, this marks the debut of Troy and Abed’s ending credits skit.

Best scene: Pierce and Jeff perform their ridiculous Spanish assignment to Aimee Man’s ‘Wise Up’

13. Horror Fiction in Seven Spooky Steps (Season 3, Ep 5)

Why it’s awesome: Britta gets everyone to tell a scary story, to figure out who is a psychopath in their own Changluage. Also, it’s the debut of Abed’s awesome muzak tune.

Best scene: Troy’s scary Frankenstein story.

12. Basic Lupine Urology (Season 3, Ep 17)

Why it’s awesome: It’s a Law and Order homage about a crime against a yam. Enough said.

Best scene: The cross exam scene, where Annie does her victory confession dance.

11. Aerodynamics of Gender (Season 2, Ep 7)

Why it’s awesome: It’s a tribute to The Secret Garden, with a trampoline; Pierce is tragically cruel, and Hilary Duff plays a mean bitch on campus.

Best scene: Pierce makes Troy cry while he jumps on the trampoline.

10. Regional Holiday Music (Season 3, Ep 10)

Why it’s awesome: It guest-stars Taran Killam as a crazy singing teacher. Also, the Christmas song over the end credits is perfection.

Best scene: Annie tries to brainwash Jeff into joining the glee club with a sexy ‘Santa Baby’ song, singing “You smawty, me dumb, help pwetty have fun! Boop-y doop-y doop boop, SEX.”

9. Introduction to Statistics (Season 1, Ep 7)

Why it’s awesome: You get to see Pierce tripping balls.

Best scene: Abed plays Batman, while Troy plays a young Michael Jackson.

8. Paradigms of Human Memory (Season 2, ep 21)

Why it’s awesome: The whole episode is made up of fake flashbacks.

Best scene: There’s a montage of scenes showing Abed and Pierce’s unresolved sexual tension to the tune of Sara Bareilles’ “Gravity”.

7. Digital Estate Planning (Season 3, Ep 20)

Why it’s awesome: Most of the episode takes place in a platform game. Cool. Cool, cool, cool.

Best scene: Everything.

6. Documentary Filmmaking: Redux (Season 3, Ep 8)

Why it’s awesome: Dean Pelton becomes a deranged director, because he wants to make a commercial for the Community College that’s worthy of its most famous alumni: Luis Guzman.

Best scene: The Dean wears a hoodie without a shirt and hands Annie a piece of fruit for the scene.

5. Contemporary American Poultry (Season 1, Ep 21)

Why it’s awesome: The study group becomes the school mafia, running a black market on chicken fingers.

Best scene: The classic mafia montage.

4. A Fistful of Paintballs (Season 2, Ep 23)

Why it’s awesome: This is the ultimate paintball episode in the series; It’s a play on most western frontier movies.

Best scene: Where Jack from Lost plays an awesome villain.

3. Epidemiology (Season 2, Ep 6)

Why it’s awesome: The Halloween racist proverb is introduced, and there are Zombies everywhere.

Best scene: When the black cat scares Jeff three times in a row.

2. Remedial Chaos Theory (Season 3, Ep4)

Why it’s awesome: This episode shows seven different timelines, and it introduces the darkest timeline, where evil Abed lives.

Best scene: Every single timeline.

1. Advanced Dungeons and Dragons (Season 2, Ep 14)

Why it’s awesome: It’s a game of Dungeons and Dragons, filmed like it was Lord of the Rings.

Best scene: The whole thing, because it’s a non-patronizing take on bullying.

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The Emmy Awards 2017 have been a smash for Stephen Colbert so far. His opening monologue was one of the best in recent memory, and his jokes have been on point the whole way through. But nothing prepared us for the amazing Emmys  sketch that came out of nowhere when Colbert suddenly started “glitching” on stage when we came back from commercial break. Well, perhaps not out of nowhere. is one of the most heavily nominated and favored shows this evening in the Drama category, so perhaps we should have expected a tribute to it along the way.

What I’m sure no one was expecting though, was the nudity.

Well as is the way of the show when the (female) hosts in are pulled out of service for glitching and Bernard Lowe (played by the esteemed Jeffery Wright) reprograms them, or runs diagnostics and so forth, they’re naked. That’s not surprising, this is HBO, and female nudity is so gracious in some shows, they named a term after it: “Sexposition.” But I’m not sure anyone in the audience registered that meant Colbert would be totally naked during his diagnostic run.

Twitter sure wasn’t prepared for it, anyway.

The screams in the audience when they hit this shot were audible.

As for Twitter, they were more impressed by Colbert’s stand in abs. (A running gag on his show.)

And also, women loved it.

I did too. Not only for the nudity either. But for the jokes, which were, like his monologue, absolutely on point.

For those who might be a little tired of the politics, Bernard Lowe has a cure for that. Once he ran Colbert’s diagnostics, he decided to dial down the political jokes. Not by much, but enough.

Considering that the next award then went to Alec Baldwin for his portrayal of Trump on , I suppose there’s only so much dialing down Colbert himself can do, but kudos for the show acknowledging how political they were in the first hour — a big change from previous years. (For the record, the nerve to go political is why Colbert’s opening monologue was such a hit. Big risks equal big rewards.)

HBO was clearly flattered. Without nominated this evening (they weren’t eligible), is their big nominations scorer, stepping up to the plate by taking 22 nominations all by itself for that fabulous breakout first season last November. also came in tonight having won five Emmys last weekend, so it was a good bet on the production’s part that a sketch poking fun at it would be a big hit with audiences.

Perhaps this will make up for the opening monologue pointedly calling them out for bringing back The Confederacy? Stay woke indeed, HBO. Somehow I think there is an entire hashtag on twitter (#NoConfederate) that wishes you would.

, for the record, may be the frontrunner coming into tonight, but they did not win the Supporting Actor nomination for Wright just prior to this sketch. He lost to John Lithgow as Winston Churchill on . is expected to have a good chance to win for Supporting Actress with Thandie Newton as Maeve Millay, but that’s still to come.

is also nominated for Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series, Outstanding Writing for a Drama Series, Anthony Hopkins is nominated for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series and Evan Rachel Wood is nominated for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series, and of course, they’re nominated for the big one Outstanding Drama Series, which will close out the evening, hours and hours from now.

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“The brain is wider than the sky.” Here’s how it works.

1. Your brain is full of billions of neurons that communicate with each other.

Your brain is full of billions of neurons that communicate with each other.

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Aleksander Domanski and Peter Kind at the Centre for Integrative Physiology and the Patrick Wild Centre / University of Edinburgh

In some ways the neuronal circuits in our brains are not dissimilar to the electrical circuits used to make computers. This image shows a mathematical approach to understanding how a small region of the brain processes information.

This type of mathematical modelling of brain circuitry can be used to make predictions about how communication between neurons is changed in in brain disorders.

2. Neurons branch out from their central cell body into “dendrites” which are studded with spines.

Neurons branch out from their central cell body into "dendrites" which are studded with spines.

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Peter Kind and Sally Till at the Centre for Integrative Physiology and the Patrick Wild Centre

These spines are where the cell receives most of its information from other neurons. The cell then integrates the thousands of “voices” it receives to decide what information it needs to pass on to the hundreds to thousands of cells it will speak to.

3. Information travels over very long distances through nerve fibres called axons.

Information travels over very long distances through nerve fibres called axons.

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James Clegg and David Price at the Centre for Integrative Physiology / University of Edinburgh

Axons are the cables that neurons use to transmit their information, often over relatively long distances and taking highly circuitous routes. In this picture of a developing brain, axons (red) from a part of the brain called the thalamus navigate through another part of the brain (green) that helps guide them to their destination near the surface of the brain (blue).

4. These nerve fibres are covered in a fatty insulating substance called myelin.

These nerve fibres are covered in a fatty insulating substance called myelin.

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Chih-Yuan Chiang, Trudi Gillespie, Peter Kind, and Sally Till at the Centre for Integrative Physiology and the Patrick Wild Centre / University of Edinburgh

The electrical connections between brain cells need to be reliable and fast for the brain to function properly. The fatty substance myelin helps information travel faster along axons.

This picture shows the myelin on axons which carry information about touch to the brain. When myelin is lost, neurons lose their ability to communicate efficiently. This is what happens in several neurological diseases, including Multiple Sclerosis (MS).

5. Connections between neurons are called synapses.

Connections between neurons are called synapses.

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Peter Kind, Sally Till, and Lasani Wijetunge at the Centre for Integrative Physiology and the Patrick Wild Centre / Via University of Edinburgh

Synapses connect axons and dendrites. They were first seen with an electron microscope. Pictures like this one proved that neurons talk to one another across a gap (called the synaptic cleft) rather than being directly connected to one another. Many neurological disorders result from changes in the number or shape of these synapses, which ultimately changes the way in which neurons process information.

Axons are highlighted in yellow and dendritic spines in pink.

6. You have four times as many glial cells as neurons in your cerebral cortex.

You have four times as many glial cells as neurons in your cerebral cortex.

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Siddharthan Chandran and Nina Rzechorek at the Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences, the Centre for Regenerative Medicine and the Euan MacDonald Centre

The brain has two main cell types, neurons and glial cells. Glial cells are named for the Greek word for “glue” and were originally thought of as the support cells for neurons. But we now know that they are essential for many brain functions.

This image shows the two main types of glial cells from a human brain, astrocytes (green) and an oligodendrocyte (white).

7. Your brain’s left and right hemispheres communicate with each other.

Your brain's left and right hemispheres communicate with each other.

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James Clegg and Tom Pratt at the Centre for Integrative Physiology / University of Edinburgh

They do this through a large bundle of fibres called the corpus callosum. Each half of this image shows a brain hemisphere from a different mouse. The corpus callosum in each is shown in orange.

The hemisphere on the left shows how in a typical mouse the corpus callosum would cross over to the opposite hemisphere. The hemisphere on the right is from a mouse whose corpus callosum curls in on itself, stopping the two hemispheres from communicating. This mouse lacks a gene that’s absence has been linked to a severe form of autism.

8. These images show the “wiring” in the brain’s of a newborn baby (left) and an adult of 75.

These images show the "wiring" in the brain's of a newborn baby (left) and an adult of 75.

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Mark Bastin at the Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences and James Boardman at the Centre for Reproductive Health / University of Edinburgh

The coloured lines represent the wires of the brain that form the basis of the human “neural network”. These images came from studies designed to assess the effect of premature birth on the development of brain connections and to identify areas of age related damage (shown as blue solids) in older adults.

9. MRI scans can show which parts of our brain are “active” during particular tasks.

MRI scans can show which parts of our brain are "active" during particular tasks.

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Andrew McKechanie and Andrew Stanfield at the Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences and the Patrick Wild Centre

This image shows the data scientists get from Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) through the brain of an individual with Fragile X Syndrome, the most common inherited form of autism. The coloured areas show the brain regions that are active while looking at a fearful face.

10. There are cells in your brain that track where you are in space.

There are cells in your brain that track where you are in space.

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Matt Nolan and Lukas Solanka at the Centre for Integrative Physiology and the Patrick Wild Centre.

These images are “heat maps” showing the regions in space where neurons that help keep track of where we are become active as someone explores a circular room.

Neuroscientists are exploring how the brain encodes the information you encounter in the world. We know that each aspect of the world is broken up into its component parts and then reconstructed in the brain, eventually creating cells that only respond to particular features such as human faces or positions in space.

Specialised neurons called grid cells have been found in mice, bats and monkeys that help keep track of where the animal is in space, and these almost certainly exist in humans too.

11. Your hippocampus helps you navigate.

Your hippocampus helps you navigate.

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Antonio Candela and Matt Nolan at the Centre for Integrative Physiology and the Patrick Wild Centre.

You have two hippocampi, one on each side of your brain. There are cells in the hippocampus that show electrical activity only when you are in a particular place in a room. These cells are called “place cells” and they help you navigate through, and remember, your environment.

In this image neurons are stained green and the axons bringing information to them from another brain region are red.

12. Electrical signals from individual neurons in the brain look like this.

Electrical signals from individual neurons in the brain look like this.

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Aleksander Domanski and Peter Kind at the Centre for Integrative Physiology and the Patrick Wild Centre / Via University of Edinburgh

Each wiggly lines in this image represents the electrical signals from an individual neuron in a region of the brain that processes sensory information.

On the left are signals from twelve neurons in a typical mouse; on the right side are the signals from twelve neurons from a mouse with Fragile X Syndrome, the most common inherited form of autism.

The neurons in the second mouse can’t generate the same number of signals as their counterparts, so don’t process sensory information in the same way as the first.

13. Autism is more common in men than women because men only have one X chromosome.

Autism is more common in men than women because men only have one X chromosome.

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Peter Kind, Lynsey Miekle, and Tim O’Leary at the Centre for Integrative Physiology and the Patrick Wild Centre

This sexual bias can arise from the disruption of genes located on the X chromosome. Men have one X and one Y chromosome, but women have two X chromosomes (one inherited from each parent).

To compensate for this second X, each cell in a female body randomly “turns off” one X chromosome. This image shows in green the neurons in the brain of a female mouse that have turned off the X chromosome inherited from the mother and in red those that have silenced the X inherited from the father.

In cases where autism is caused by an altered gene on one of the X chromosomes, on average 50% of female cells will turn off the chromosome carrying the altered gene and hence be unaffected. As a result, symptoms are often less severe in affected females than in their male counterparts.

14. Some animals can regenerate parts of their central nervous system.

Some animals can regenerate parts of their central nervous system.

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Catherina Becker, Thomas Becker, and Karolina Mysiak at the Centre for Neuroregeneration.

Unlike humans, some animals have a central nervous system that can regenerate when it gets damaged. This image shows a regenerating spinal cord from a zebrafish. Scientists are studying how zebrafish do this, in the hope that one day we might be able to use this to repair our own central nervous systems.

You can see these images and more at an exhibition by the University of Edinburgh in St Andrew Square, Edinburgh until 4 July.

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There are certain people in the world that you don’t want to mess with: those who control some of the largest organized crime operations on the planet. Organized crime has always been a problem, but as we move into 2012 some syndicates have exploded with profit and influence. Criminal groups that used to follow illegal schemes have turned to more reliable forms of profit.

The people that will be highlighted in this article include the current leaders of the Sicilian Mafia, American Cosa Nostra, Neopolitan Camorra, ‘Ndrangheta, Russian Mafia, Albanian Mafia, Chinese Triads, Japanese Yakuza, Montreal Mob, Solntsevskaya Bratva, Clerkenwell crime syndicate, Los Rastrojos, Sinaloa Cartel, and the Juárez Cartel.

In some cases it was hard to determine the true godfather, so an underboss is highlighted. In order to be considered for the article the individual had to be either out of jail or scheduled to be released in the next year. This was necessary in order to eliminate the huge amount of crime bosses that continue to run operations from behind bars.


In the world of organized crime it is rare for a high profile boss to remain out of jail and in power for a long period of time. John DiFronzo has accomplished this. He is the current leader of the Chicago Outfit. The Chicago outfit is one of the largest crime syndicates in the United States. They are known for violence, turf fighting, and have operations in many cities, including Los Angeles, Las Vegas, and Miami. One of the Chicago Outfits biggest competitors is the Russian Mob. Unlike most organized crime groups, the Outfit has members from other ethnicities besides Italian Americans, including the Polish, Welsh, and Japanese-American populations. To this day, the Outfit has a strong influence from Al Capone.

In 1993, a man named John “No Nose” DiFronzo took over as the boss of the Chicago Outfit. DiFronzo was a veteran enforcer and caporegime of the family. He got the nickname “No Nose” because he sliced off part of his nose while jumping through a window during a 1949 clothing store burglary. DiFronzo is known for his dangerous temper. However, little information is available about his true personality. In 2005, DiFronzo avoided indictment in the “Family Secrets” trial of the top Chicago Mafia leaders. This fact, along with other federal indictments has caused some to question DiFronzo’s true motivations and possible connection with the police. As of 2012, he continues to run the Chicago Outfit.

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The Clerkenwell crime syndicate or A-team is one of the most powerful criminal organizations in the United Kingdom. The gang was formed in the 1980s by Terry Adams and his two brothers Tommy and Patrick Adams. The family is known for brute force, violence, and wealth. They are said to be involved in drug trafficking, extortion, security fraud, gambling, as well as the hijacking of gold bullion shipments. The A-team has been linked to 25 gangland murders and often uses Afro-Caribbean muscle to influence informants and rival criminals.

Terry Adams is the boss of the syndicate, while his brothers control the finances and enforcement. The overall wealth of the brothers has been placed around $200 million, but due to the nature of the criminal world, it is impossible to determine the true extent of the A-team’s influence. The BBC has asserted that the crime syndicates strength has decreased since 2000. In 2004, Sean “Tommy” Adams gained attention in the UK media when it was discovered that he had been hired by former footballer Kenny Dalglish to secure the sports agency Pro Active’s exclusive management rights to Manchester United and England football striker Wayne Rooney.

In 2007, Terry Adams was convicted of money laundering charges and jailed for seven years. He was ordered to repay £4.7 million in legal aid and £800,000 of prosecution costs. Overall, it was a minor offence for Adams, who has the ability to keep a distance from murder and other serious criminal activities of the organization. Adams was released on June 24, 2010, but recalled to prison in August 2011 for breaching his license. He didn’t report a £7,500 facelift and £7,000 trip to the dentist. Currently, Terry Adams is in jail, but expected to be released in the next couple years. His two brothers are under surveillance by the Serious Organised Crime Agency and police in Spain, but continue to run the Clerkenwell crime syndicate.


In the last couple years the organized crime situation in Montreal, Quebec, Canada has become a problem for authorities. A turf war has been waged between the Rizzuto crime family, who has operated in Montreal for decades, and the Italian based ‘Ndrangheta crime syndicate. In 2007, the long reigning Godfather of the Italian Mafia in Canada Vito Rizzuto was arrested and given a sentence of 10 years. Since then, many of the high ranking officials in the Rizzuto crime family have been murdered, including Vito’s father Nicolo, his son Nick, Paolo Renda, Agostino Cuntrera, and most recently Salvatore Montagna, who was an acting boss of the Bonanno crime family of New York City.

Vito Rizzuto is scheduled to be released from prison in October of 2012 and the police fear that he will organize a mass retaliation effort against the ‘Ndrangheta with the help of some powerful men. It can only be suspected that Ruzzuto will do whatever it takes to avenge the death of his family. Vito Rizzuto is a smart boss and according to law enforcement officials he oversaw a criminal empire that imported and distributed tones of heroin, cocaine, and hashish into Canada. Rizzuto laundered hundreds of millions of dollars and profited from illegal gambling, fraud, and contract killings. Some people have dubbed the Rizzuto clan the Sixth Family and put them on an equal footing as the Five Families of New York, so you can be sure that some important people are overlooking the situation.

Giovanni Motisi3

The Motisi Mafia clan is a historical Mafia syndicate from the Pagliarelli area in Palermo, Italy. The organization is powerful and has a direct tie to the Sicilian Mafia. In the 1980s, a man named Matteo Motisi took control of the Motisi clan and became connected with the Corleonesi faction of the Italian mob. After Matteo was arrested for murder and sentenced to life in prison, his nephew Giovanni Motisi (u pacchiuni) took over as the new boss of the Pagliarelli family. Giovanni has been a federal fugitive since 1998 and is considered to be one of the more powerful bosses of Palermo.

Giovanni Motisi rose in the ranks of the Mafia with a reputation for violence and a quick wit. Motisi is close friends with boss Bernardo Provenzano, who was arrested in 2006. After Provenzano was jailed, it is thought that Giovanni Matisi was given more responsibly in the Cosa Nostra. Today, the whereabouts of Motisi are unknown. According to some reports he is dead, while others maintain that he is hiding out in Agrigento, in the south of Sicily. If he is in Italy, there is no doubt that Giovanni Motisi plays an important role in the Sicilian Mafia.


The Juárez Cartel is a Mexican drug cartel based in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico, across the border from El Paso, Texas. The group has a reputation for intense violence and torture. They will mutilate their victims and leave the bodies in a central location for everyone to witness. To give you a clear estimate on the wealth of the Juárez Cartel in the late 1990s. After cartel leader Amado Carrillo Fuentes died in 1997 from plastic surgery complications he had an estimated wealth of US$25 billion, which makes him one of the wealthiest criminals in history.

Since 1998, the undisputed leader of the Juárez Cartel has been Amado’s brother Vicente Carrillo Fuentes. For a short time Fuentes formed a partnership with the biggest drug lords in Mexico, including Ismael “Mayo” Zambada, the Beltrán Leyva brothers, and Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán. However, after the Sinaloa Cartel refused to pay for a collection of smuggling routes into the U.S., the friendship was broken. The Juárez Cartel then became enemies to the Sinaloa Cartel.

The bad blood between the groups escalated in 2004 when Vicente’s brother Rodolfo Carillo was killed outside of a movie theatre allegedly at the order of Guzmán Loera. In response, Vicente Carrillo had Guzmán Loera’s brother “El Pollo” assassinated in prison. The event marked the beginning of a massive Mexican turf war which has caught the attention of media from around the world. In 2005, the Juárez Cartel was at the center of the “House of Death” case, where the organization was penetrated by law enforcement, but the case was compromised because the informant participated in the murders.

Despite the advancement of the Sinaloa Cartel, Vicente Carrillo Fuentes remains a billionaire and controls a large portion of Mexico’s drug trade. He collects hundreds of millions of dollars each year by smuggling huge amounts of drugs into the United States. Fuentes remains one of Mexico’s most powerful and wanted drug lords. The United States is offering a $5 million dollar reward for information leading to the arrest of Vicente Carrillo Fuentes.

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Los Rastrojos is a group that is currently engaged in the Colombian armed conflict. The cartel is considered to be the largest supplier of drugs in Columbia. They collaborate with a wide range of Mexican syndicates, including the most powerful Sinaloa Cartel. Los Rastrojos specializes in the transportation of cocaine, heroin, and illegal gold mining. They control the primary smuggling routes into Venezuela, which is a bridge for cocaine into Europe. The organization is, together with the Norte del Valle cartel, considered the “heirs” of the Cali cartel. However, some people feel Los Rastrojos are in fact the same as the Norte del Valle cartel.

Luis Enrique Calle Serna alias “Comba” was the leader of Los Rastrojos until he surrendered to the U.S. DEA in May of 2012. With the news of Comba’s arrest, second in command Diego Perez Henao (Diego Rastrojo) assumed control of the criminal organization. Perez Henao is widely considered to be one of the most powerful Columbian drug lords in the world, along with Daniel Barrera Barrera alias “El Loco Barrera.”

In the early years of Los Rastrojos, Perez was instrumental in the expansion and growth of the organization, sending out heavily armed cells to different parts of the country. He secured access to drug crops, cocaine laboratories, and corridors within Colombia. Before becoming a drug lord, Diego Rastrojo was a longtime hitman who specialized in collecting coca in rural areas. He maintains a low profile and little information is known about his personal life. As of 2012, Perez maintains direct command over Los Rastrojos across Columbia and takes a direct hand in combat. He has been indicted by the U.S. government and remains a federal fugitive.

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Albanian organized crime is a major problem in Albania, the United States, the European Union, and other areas of the world. In Albania there are over 15 mafia clans that control organized crime. The Albanian mob is known for violence, torture, and terrorist activity. They have constructed an enormous crime syndicate that is primarily based around drug and arms trafficking. However, the syndicate participates in a diverse range of criminal enterprises, including car theft. Similar to other organized crime groups, the typical structure of the Albanian Mafia is hierarchical. They hold a deep reliance on loyalty, honor, and blood relationships.

Albanian Mafia clans are usually made up of groups of fewer than 500 members. They are secretive and little information is known about the current Albanian Mafia bosses. In the 1980s, the Albanian Mafia moved into New York and began to fight with the Italians. Today, the Albanian presence is highly evident and the organization has come to an agreement with other criminal syndicates, who have agreed to stay out of their way.

In Italy, Albanian organized crime gangs appear to control the car theft and trafficking market. Albanian gangs are believed to be largely responsible for sex trafficking, immigrants smuggling, and the heroin trade in the United Kingdom. They hold a heavy presence in France, Switzerland, Canada, Belgium, Germany, Australia, and Honduras. According to Wikileaks, Albanian Mafia clans are affiliated with various South American politicians and banks.

It remains unclear who the acting boss of the entire Albanian Mafia is, but it is clear that a man named Daut Kadriovski is one of the leaders. He is the reputed boss (godfather) of one of the 15 Families. A Yugoslav Interior Ministry report identified him as one of Europe’s biggest heroin dealers, and calls Daut Kadriovski a “major financial resource for the KLA.” In 1993, Kadriovski moved to New York and began to assert himself in the Albanian Mafia. He is currently wanted in 12 European countries, but remains a free man. Kadriovski gained the attention of the Australian Authorities after it was discovered that he created a drug pipeline through Albanian and Croatia to Sydney and Brisbane.

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The Camorra is a Mafia-type criminal organization that originated in the region of Campania and its capital Naples in Italy. It is one of the most powerful criminal organizations in the world and dates back to the 16th century. The word “Camorra” was first used in 1735, when a royal decree authorized the establishment of eight gambling houses in Naples. The word is almost certainly a blend of “capo” (boss) and a Neapolitan street game, the “morra.” Unlike the Cosa Nostra, the Camorra is composed of individual clans that act independently of each other.

In recent years, various Camorra families have formed alliances with Nigerian drug gangs and the Albanian Mafia. In Campania, where the unemployment rate is high, the Camorra have began to offer children jobs in the area of criminal activity, including cigarette smuggling, drug trafficking, and theft. It is difficult for officials to fight the problem because the society of Campania has come to tolerate and accept the mobsters. The area is governed by a code of silence or omertà that persists to this day.

Pasquale Scotti is an Italian criminal and boss of the Camorra. He has been wanted in Italy since 1985 for murder, concealment of corpse, and other crimes. Scotti has been described as a smooth and ruthless personality. He is one of the most able of the lieutenants of the historic leader Raffaele Cutolo and is an extremely popular mobster. On Christmas Eve of 1984, Scotti escaped from the hospital of Caserta where he had been admitted for a wound to the hand.

In 1990, an international arrest warrant was issued against Pasquale Scotti. However, he has since disappeared. In January 2005, he received a life sentence for a series of 26 murders during the 1982-83 Camorra war between the NCO and the Nuova Famiglia. In October 2011, while Scotti had been on the run for nearly 27 years, the Italian police issued a new photo profile on the basis of a mug-shot from the 1980s. The new attention sparked interest in the case and prompted new questions over possible leads. Some people have described the possibly that Pasquale Scotti is dead.


In Japan, the largest organized crime syndicate is known as the yakuza. The group is extremely powerful and has a long history. In 2012, it was estimated that over 100,000 yakuza exist, with 85,000 of them living in Japan. The most powerful yakuza syndicate is the Sixth Yamaguchi-gumi, which is one of the largest organized crime groups in the world. The Sixth Yamaguchi-gumi is known for strict rules and tradition. The syndicate makes billions of dollars each year from extortion, gambling, the sex industry, guns, drugs, real estate, construction kickback schemes, stock market manipulation, and Internet pornography.

The supreme godfather of the Sixth Yamaguchi-gumi is named the kumicho. The first kumicho was Harukichi Yamaguchi, who ruled from 1915-1935. The current boss is Kenichi Shinoda. Shinoda is one of the most powerful and dangerous men in Japan. He gained control of the syndicate in 2005 after the retirement of previous don Yoshinori Watanabe. Under Shinoda’s rule, the Sixth Yamaguchi-gumi has expanded and moved into some areas of Tokyo that are traditionally not Yamaguchi turf. He is the first Yamaguchi-gumi kumicho not to hail from the Kansai region and is well known for public appearances.

Kenichi Shinoda has been in and out of prison for his entire life. In the early 1970s, he was convicted of murdering a rival gang boss with a katana, and spent 13 years in prison. In 2005, only four months after being named kumicho, Shinoda began serving a six-year prison sentence for gun possession. He was released on April 9, 2011 and regained personal control of the crime syndicate. While in jail, the Sixth Yamaguchi-gumi was run by Kiyoshi Takayama.

Takayama has been dubbed the “Katame of Nagoya” or simply the “Katame” meaning “one eye,” because he has a closed right eye. In early 2012, it was announced by the U.S. Treasury that it would freeze the assets of both Kenichi Shinoda and Kiyoshi Takayama. Journalists called the move “a slap in the face to the Japanese government” for taking a lenient stance toward organized crime. Since the 2011 earthquake, Japan has seen an increase in organized crime activity. The action was the first time the U.S. government used the 2011 executive order to “target and disrupt significant transnational criminal organizations.”

Bellomo Liborio

In the United States the Mafia is most active in New York City, New Jersey, Philadelphia, New England, Detroit, and Chicago. In New York there are five main families that run operations, including the Gambino, Lucchese, Genovese, Bonanno, and Colombo clans. The largest and most powerful of these families is the Genovese crime family. The Genovese family is known for running offshore gambling websites. In the 21st century the Genovese syndicate contributed to the U.S. mortgage crisis by taking advantage of easy bank loans. In the history of the crime family only five members have ever turned state’s evidence.

Officially, the current acting boss of the Genovese crime family is an imprisoned man named Daniel Leo, who is scheduled to be released in 2013, but another man named Liborio Bellomo (Big Barney) is said to be one of the fastest rising Mafia members in the United States today. In 1992, Vincent Gigante thought enough of Bellomo to give him control of the Genovese family’s day-to-day operations at the age of 35. Bellomo was considered Vincent Gigante’s logical successor as boss until he was sent to prison in 1996.

In 2008, Bellomo was released and regained his position in the family. His exact role is yet to be revealed, but many assume that Liborio Bellomo is one of the top gangsters of New York. Among the five families of New York the current acting bosses include Vincent Badalamenti (Bonanno), Domenico Cefalu (Gambino), Carmine Persico (Colombo), Steven Crea (Lucchese), and Daniel Leo (Genovese).

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One of the most dangerous criminal organizations in the world is the ‘Ndrangheta. The syndicate is based in Calabria, southern Italy. The ‘Ndrangheta operate independently from the Sicilian Mafia and control over 3% of Italy’s total GDP through extortion, money laundering, drug trafficking, and other illegal operations. It has been estimated that the ‘Ndrangheta generate an annual revenue of about €35-40 billion. The main difference between the Sicilian Mafia and the Ndrangheta is their recruitment methods.

The ‘Ndrangheta crime syndicate is active all over the world, but extremely prevalent in Canada, especially Toronto. Canada’s banking system is very secretive and doesn’t allow investigation, so it is an ideal place to launder money. Inside of the ‘Ndrangheta, the boss is given the title Capo crimine, but unlike other criminal organizations, this person is not the “boss of bosses.” They actually have comparatively little authority to interfere in family feuds or violence. The last known Capo crimine was Domenico Oppedisano, who was arrested in 2010.
During the late 2000s, the most powerful man inside of the enormous ‘Ndrangheta syndicate was Pasquale Condello. He was known as “Il supremo” (the supreme one) inside of the family.

Condello was regarded as a key figure in the world of trafficking cocaine between Colombia and Italy. He also controlled valuable water purifying contracts in some Calabrian towns. In 2008, Condello was arrested by over 100 policemen who converged on an apartment in the district of Occhio di Péllaro, on the outskirts of Reggio Calabria.

Since the ‘Ndrangheta rely on family blood to organize their hierarchical structure, the next person in line to be the supreme leader of the clan was Pasquale’s cousin Domenico Condello. Domenico is currently one of the most wanted men in Italy and has been evading police for years. In 2012, it was announced that a collection of Domenico’s accomplices and family members were arrested for harboring the fugitive. In 2012, Condello remains at large and a major force behind the ‘Ndrangheta management.


The United Bamboo Gang is the largest of Taiwan’s three main Triads. The Triad Underground Society is a term used to describe a collection of Chinese criminal organizations based in Hong Kong, Vietnam, Macau, Taiwan, China, and other areas with a significant Chinese population. In the early 1980s the United Bamboo Gang rose to attention when the group became involved with politics. The Bamboo Union was headed by mobster Chen Chi-li (King Duck) for over 30 years until he died in 2007. The true influence of the crime syndicate is not fully understood and the Bamboo Union is a violent group that will do whatever necessary to achieve their ultimate goals.

Similar to other criminal organizations, The Bamboo Union prefers that people don’t know who the Dragonhead (boss) is. For this reason, it is impossible to determine. However, we will focus on the possible leader Chang An-lo (White Wolf). The White Wolf is a top ranking official in the Bamboo Union who is dangerous because he is extremely smart. In fact, the White Wolf holds five separate bachelor’s degrees, three of which were obtained from American universities.

While serving a prison sentence in the United States Chang An-lo was quoted: “The clock can’t be turned back. Many brothers are now in the stock, finance, and construction industries.” The statement is indicating that the Bamboo Union has moved so far into the political sector that they can make billions of dollars and yuan from legal activity and don’t need to risk smuggling. It is well known that the Triads do not deal with drug trafficking. Currently, Chang An-lo is recognized as a former leader of the Bamboo Union crime brotherhood, but remains a fugitive living in Shenzhen, which is north of Hong Kong.


After Osama bin Laden was killed in 2011, a man named Joaquín Guzmán Loera (El Chapo) became the most wanted man in the world. Loera is the leader of the Sinaloa Cartel and has been named “the world’s most powerful drug trafficker.” The Sinaloa Cartel is a drug-trafficking syndicate based in the city of Culiacán, Sinaloa, with major operations in the Mexican states of Baja California, Durango, Sonora, and Chihuahua. The cartel has been called Mexico’s most powerful organized crime group and primarily smuggles cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, and marijuana into hubs around the world.

The U.S. DEA strongly believes that Joaquín Guzmán Loera has surpassed the influence of Pablo Escobar as the “godfather of the drug world.” In 2011, Forbes magazine ranked him as the 55th most powerful person in the world. He is also one of the richest and a billionaire many times over. To keep a low profile, El Chapo is known to hold a vast collection of hideouts and underground fortresses. He is connected with many powerful government officials, police officers, and other businessmen who protect the cartels assets. A kingpin named Ismael Zambada García is the co-leader of the Sinaloa Cartel.

The U.S. and Mexican governments are determined to capture El Chapo Guzmán before the upcoming 2012 presidential elections. Projections show that his arrest would be good for Barack Obama’s reelection campaign. In June of 2012, the PAN candidate Josefina Vázquez Mota said that if she was elected this summer she had the power to capture El Chapo and help diminish the control of the Sinaloa Cartel.

On February 19, 2012, Mexican lawmen “nearly nabbed” Guzmán Loera in a coastal mansion in Los Cabos just a day after Hillary Clinton met with foreign ministers in the same peninsula. In May 2012, the U.S. Treasury Department announced that it would apply sanctions against Guzman’s sons under the Kingpin Act, which prohibits people in the U.S. from conducting businesses with them. Currently, a $7 million reward is being offered for information leading to El Chapo’s arrest, $5 million from the U.S. government and another $2 million from Mexico.


Who is the current capo dei capi of the Sicilian Mafia? This article will focus on a man named Matteo Messina Denaro who is thought to be the godfather. Denaro is currently not in prison, but is heavily wanted all over the world. In Italy, the Sicilian Mafia (Cosa Nostra) is a powerful criminal syndicate that emerged in the middle of the 1800s. The organization is composed of a collection of families who claim a territory in which they operate an extensive racketeering business.

In 2008, it was reported that about 25.2% of Sicilian businesses were indebted to loan sharks, who collected around €1.4 billion a year in payments. The Sicilian Mafia is believed to have a turnover of €6.5 billion through the control of public and private contracts. Mafiosi members reportedly use threats of violence and vandalism to muscle out competitors and win contracts. It is estimated that the Sicilian Mafia costs the Sicilian economy more than €10 billion a year through protection rackets.

All of these facts have put pressure on the Italian police to fight the Cosa Nostra. In 2008, the authorities foiled an attempt by the syndicate to reconstitute a new Mafia Commission. At the meeting a large number of names were nominated as the new godfather, including Benedetto Capizzi, Gaetano Lo Presti, Gerlando Alberti, Gregorio Agrigento, Giovanni Lipari, Gaetano Fidanzati, Giuseppe Scaduto, and Salvatore Lombardo. Some younger bosses include Giovanni Riina, Domenico Raccuglia, Pietro Tagliavia, Gianni Nicchi, and Raccuglia. Most of these people are in prison, but it should be mentioned that a large collection of mafia members continue to run operations while in jail.

Matteo Messina Denaro is a 50-year-old mafia boss that is widely considered to be the current godfather. He is one of the wealthiest fugitives in the world. Denaro is often portrayed as a ruthless playboy and womanizer by the media. He is violent man and has a reputation for fast living and expensive things. Over the last couple years, the Italian government has seized over 3 billion euros from dealings related to Messina Denaro. In 2011, an attempt to arrest Denaro failed and he escaped. Today, he remains one of the top mob bosses in the world.


Semion Mogilevich has been described by the FBI as the most dangerous mobster in the world. He is a Ukrainian-born organized crime boss who is believed to be the leader of the Russian Mafia. All decisions related to the expansion and organization of the syndicate is run by Semion Mogilevich. He is an extremely intelligent and ruthless leader who holds a degree in economics. Mogilevich earned the nicknames “Don Semyon” and “The Brainy Don” because of his smarts. According to Wikileaks, Mogilevich has been connected with some huge companies, including RosUkrEnergo, Raiffeisen Bank, and Gazprom, which is a Russian state energy group.

Semion Mogilevich rose to the position of godfather after he gained control of the Solntsevskaya Bratva. The Solntsevskaya Bratva is a powerful crime organization from Moscow named after the Solntsevo neighborhood in the city. The syndicate is considered to be one of the most dangerous criminal groups in the world. They are known for a strict code of violence, drug smuggling, racketeering, illegal gambling, kidnapping, and contract killings. The Russian Mob is also one of the most profitable in the world and Semion Mogilevich is said to be a secret billionaire.

Some articles have even suggested a link between the criminal kingpin and Vladimir Putin, accusing Putin of keeping Mogilevich safe in return for his presidential support. Whatever the case, Semion Mogilevich is currently the most recognized and powerful organized crime boss in the world. He is protected by a thick line of political defenses and continues to control the most detrimental criminal clan of Russia. On October 22, 2009 Mogilevich was named by the FBI as the 494th fugitive to be placed on the Ten Most Wanted list.

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1. Carl goes even darker.

Gene Page / AMC

What happens to a kid who grows up around such horrific violence and callous disregard for life? It’s one of the most fascinating questions The Walking Dead comics raised, and it’s something the show seems poised to explore. It’s uncomfortable to think of Carl as a heartless killing machine, but can you really blame him for developing a little … off? This is a kid who was asked to shoot his own mother in the head after watching her die terribly.

2. Tyreese and Sasha get fleshed out.

Gene Page / AMC

While I’d hate for The Walking Dead to become a flashback-heavy series — cough, Revolution, cough — I am curious to know more about where these characters came from. But perhaps more to the point, I’m eager to see how they develop among Rick and company. This is a group that is wary of outsiders, and with good reason. Tyreese and Sasha proved themselves in the finale, but it’s unlikely everyone at the prison will welcome them with open arms.

3. Andrea’s death changes Michonne.

Gene Page / AMC

First of all: raise your hand if you think Andrea and Michonne were more than friends. I’m not sure they ever consummated that relationship, but there was more to it than survival. At the very least, Michonne loved Andrea deeply, and I’m sure the repercussions of her death will be felt throughout Season 4. Softening Michonne would be a mistake, but opening her up isn’t. While she could close herself off to other connections, she might just as easily bond with her fellow survivors.

4. More casualties.

Gene Page / AMC

As in the comics, The Walking Dead just keeps adding characters. The only way to remedy that? Kill a whole mess of them off. I was actually surprised by the limited casualties in the finale, and now the prison is even more packed with survivors. I get why that is, and I appreciate Rick’s redemption, but we’re going to need a massive walker attack to thin out the ranks. Or maybe a final raid by The Governor. Sorry ‘bout it.

5. The Governor dies. Horribly.

Gene Page / AMC

I mean, duh. Still, it’s hard to believe The Governor survived the Season 3 finale. (Kind of like when Joffrey survived Season 2 of Game of Thrones ARE YOU KIDDING ME.) But we’ll let bygones be bygones if The Governor meets a horrible end in Season 4. I’m not usually a sadistic person, but this is television and that means bloodlust is appropriate. As for who gets to kill him, let’s hope it’s someone in need of revenge, like Daryl. (Michonne already did some damage.)

6. Absolute power corrupts.

Gene Page / AMC

Absolutely. Remember when Rick gave that whole speech about becoming a dictator? The point is, you have to make uncomfortable choices when you’re a leader, especially when the stakes are this high. The key is not turning into a homicidal megalomaniac like The Governor. Rick has already gone dark enough, so maybe it’s another character’s turn to go mad with power, now that the prison is filled with new people. Could Daryl finally lose it?

7. The prison becomes uninhabitable.

Gene Page / AMC

Please? We need a change of pace. One of the reasons Season 3 worked better than Season 2 is that it felt less stagnant: instead of relegating us to the goddamn farm, Season 3 switched between the prison and Woodbury. If Season 4 wants to improve on that, it’s going to have to push the characters to a new location. Or keep them moving! We’ve seen the hardships of defending one’s land — maybe it’s time for these survivors to try their luck on the road again.

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Mom Calls C-SPAN To Rebuke Her Debating Political Pundit Sons

Brothers Brad and Dallas Woodhouse are both interested in politics, but sit on the complete opposite sides of the aisle. The two political pundit brothers were debating on C-SPAN‘s Washington Journal when they received a very unexpected guest caller: their mother. Both brothers quickly dropped their heads in embarrassment the moment they heard Mom who rebuked the two over their constant bickering. 

Oh God, it’s Mom!”


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